Thursday, 18 January 2018

SOME USEFUL INFO ABOUT MODAL VERBS


Resultado de imagen de CONFUSED
Pic from https://allthingslearning.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/confused.jpg
Are you confused when working with modal verbs?
Do you find problems to choose the right one?

Let's see some useful tips to understand how they work:

PERMISSION:
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https://cdn.xl.thumbs.canstockphoto.com/permission-rubber-stamp-eps-vector_csp45048244.jpg
  • We use can to ask for or give permission. 
Can I sit here? / You can use my car if you like.
  • We use may or could to ask for or give permission in a more formal context or situation. 
May I come in? / Could you pass me that notebook, please?
________________________________________________
PROHIBITION:
Resultado de imagen de prohibition signs
Pic from https://www.loudandcleargraphics.co.uk/product/no-hoods-sign/
  • We use can't when something is against rurles or norms.
You can't park here, sir.
  • We use mustn't  when the obligation comes from the person who is speaking.
You mustn't speak when the teacher is speaking.
________________________________________________
OBLIGATION:
Resultado de imagen de obligation signs
Pic from https://github.com/mbodmer/pictograms
Need to, must, and have to can be considered synonyms and mean that something is required or necessary. Although there are some slight differences among them:

  • Need to is the one that is more limited in meaning:
1. It is used when an action should be done.

I need to clean my dirty bedroom.

2. When it is very important for someone to do something.

She didn't want to go to the city, but she needed to buy some food.
  • Must and have to have broader meanings, and once again the difference between them is very small.
1. We use have to when the obligation comes from somebody else. The speaker can't change that because it's a law or a rule.

We have to wear an uniform at our school.

She can't come to the party, because she has to travel tomorrow early in the morning.

2. We use must to show that the obligation comes from the speaker. It isn't a rule or a law.

I must call my grandfather tonight.

You must come and visit us the next time you come to Seville.

HOWEVER, BOTH (MUST & HAVE TO) CAN BE USED ALMOST INTERCHANGEABLY IN THE FOLLOWING CASES:

1. When something is required or neccesary. We must / have to go to the post office.
2. When something is required by law. You must / have to pay your taxes.
3. When something is very probable. It must / has to be 45 degrees here.

IN ALL THESE CASES, MUST IS MORE FORMAL THAN HAVE TO.
____________________________________
NO OBLIGATION:
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Pic from https://thumb1.shutterstock.com/
  • We use don't have to when there is no obligation to do something. It means that you can do something if you want, but it is not obligatory.
We don't have to wear an uniform at our school. We can wear it if we want to but it's ok if we don't.

Here there are some websites where you can practice these confusing modals:





Let's finish with some examples of modal verbs in songs. ENJOY IT!!!!









Tuesday, 16 January 2018

SEE YOU SOON MY DEAR DOLORES O'RIORDAN!!!!

Resultado de imagen de cranberries BAND
Pic from https://en.wikipedia.org





Yesterday was a sad day for those who love the songs by Cranberries, the Irish band that enlightened our youth, since we learnt about Dolores O'riordan's death.


All my lessons today have been musicalized by their beautiful songs and Dolores' awesome voice.

I've compiled some interesting links to work these amazing songs with your students and:







Now, let's enjoy this spectacular song by this band, icon of 20th century pop:


Monday, 8 January 2018

GETTING AROUND!!!

Resultado de imagen de getting around london
Pic from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TaArq1R1n1c

My dear A levels students, you can find some extra vocabulary about travelling, holidays and tourism below, so you can prepare your tests in advanced:




All these sites are for Upper-intermediate level students, that is, those students whose level of English is between B1 and B2.


Song: Wandering by Radical Face.



Thursday, 30 November 2017

IDEAS ABOUT CHRISTMAS TIME AT SCHOOL

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Pic from http://www.lovethispic.com/image/41124/christmas-time-in-london

It's time to start preparing activities for Christmas at school. 

You can find below some ideas I'm going to work with:

  • Project CHRISTMAS AROUND THE WORLD:
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Pic from http://jayce-o.blogspot.com/2012/12/25-inspirational-christmas-poster-design.html
Group students in groups of 3/4 and make them choose one country. Their task is to search information and pictures in the Internet about how Christmas time is celebrated in the different countries they've chosen. 

They have to print the pictures in colour and write captions in English for each picture. These captions have to describe what is in the pictures.

Glue all the pictures and captions in a big poster that you can make with red paper. 

The different groups have to present the information they have compiled to the rest of the classroom.
  • A contest of SHORT STORIES ABOUT CHRISTMAS:
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Pic from https://www.smashwords.com/books/view/251574
It's an idea for higher level groups whose students are able to write in a proper English. You can provide some prompts so they can create their stories from them.

You can evaluate these stories by giving positive points or with quantity marks.
  • Let's play to be VOICEOVER ACTORS:
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Pic from http://saadstudio.in/recording.html
Choose some classic Christmas film extracts and get your students to create the subtitles for them or to record the dubbed dialogues.

It's a very funny and entertaining activity which help your students to improve their oral production in English.

LET'S FINISH WITH A SONG:



A DIFFERENT TEST FOR IRREGULAR VERBS

WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT AMERICAN AND SPANISH CONSTITUTION?

Saturday, 25 November 2017

SOME FACTS ABOUT REPORTED SPEECH

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Pic from https://www.linkedin.com


Doubts about reported speech?

Check the C-map below and finally understand this structure:


Tuesday, 21 November 2017

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

poster made by students at IES Ilipa Magna (Alcalá del Río)

My students of 3rd and 4th ESO at IES Ilipa Magna (Alcalá del Río, Seville) have made a big poster with different images taken from campaigns carried out in several Spanish-speaking countries. They have also translated into English some of the sentences as a message in this relevant day.

pics of the translations made by students

pics of the translations made by students

pics of the translations made by students


The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is November 25 because that day in 1960, three sisters, Patria Mercedes Mirabal, María Argentina Minerva Mirabal and Antonia María Teresa Mirabal,

Resultado de imagen de patria mercedes mirabal
pics from http://www.classtools.net

were assassinated in the Dominican Republic on the orders of the ruler Rafael Trujillo. 

Resultado de imagen de rafael trujillo
pic from https://swh-826d.kxcdn.com


These three brave women fought hard to end Trujillo's dictatorship, and since they were killed for standing up for their rights as free citizens, they became a symbol for activists on women's right since 1981. 

Resultado de imagen de international day for the elimination of violence against women
pic taken from https://marciokenobi.wordpress.com

November 25 was designated as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women by the UN General Assembly on December 17, 1999. Since then, many different events are organized around the world to eradicate this social scourge.

However, all of us have the responsability to respect equality between sexes and act accordingly to that basic principle.

To fulfill this aim we need to know some facts about that day:

WHAT DOES "VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN" MEAN:

Resultado de imagen de violence against women
pic from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-26444655
It means any act of gender-based violence that results in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occuring in public or private life. (source: https://marciokenobi.wordpress.com).

BUT WHAT ELSE IS "VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN":

IT IS:

  • a human rights violation.
  • a consequence of discrimination against women, in law and also in practice, and of persisting inequalities between men and women.
IT ALSO IMPEDES:
  • progress in many areas, including
                      * poverty eradication
                      * combating HIV/AIDS.
  • peace.
  • security.

IT IS NOT INEVITABLE, BECAUSE PREVENTION IS POSSIBLE AND ESSENTIAL.

IT IS A GLOBAL PANDEMIC, SINCE UP TO 70 PER CENT OF WOMEN EXPERIENCE VIOLENCE IN THEIR LIFETIME.

Resultado de imagen de violencia de genero dibujos
pic from http://artesaraizquierdo.blogspot.com.es/2014/07/eterno-amor-falso.html

UP TO NOVEMBER, 44 WOMEN HAVE BEEN ASSESSINATED BY MEN IN SPAIN.